In Afghanistan today, in the midst of war and endemic poverty, an ancient tradition — banned when the Taliban were in power — has re-emerged across the country: Many hundreds of boys, often as young as 11, are being lured off the streets on the promise of a new life, many unaware that their real fate is to be used for entertainment and sex.
The province contains five districts, encompassing about 649 villages, and roughly 156,600 settled people.
The city of Zaranj serves as the provincial capital and Zaranj Airport, which is located by that city, serves as a domestic airport for the province.
The name Nimruz means "mid-day" or "half-day" in Persian and Pashto.
The name is believed to indicate that the meridian cutting the old world in half passes through this region. It is the most sparsely populated province in the country, located in the Sistan Basin.
A substantial part of the province is the desert area of Dashti Margo.
The area now composing Nimruz province of Afghanistan was once part of the historical region of Sistan, which over the many centuries was held by the Achaemenid Empire, Alexander the Great and others before being conquered and converted to Islam by the Muslim Arabs in the 7th century.The region became part of the Saffarid dynasty in 860 CE with its capital at Zaranj, which was one of the first local dynasties of the Islamic era.Its founder Yaqub Saffari was born and raised in this region.The territory became part of the Ghaznavids followed by the Ghurids, Timurids, and Safavids.In the early 18th century, the region fell to the Afghan Hotaki dynasty until they were removed from power in 1738 by Nader Shah.By 1747, Ahmad Shah Durrani made it part of Afghanistan after he conquered the territory from northeastern Iran to Delhi in India.