Vulgar Latin developed into Romance languages, 6th to 9th centuries; the formal language continued as the scholarly lingua franca of Catholic countries medieval Europe and as the liturgical language of the Catholic Church.) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
The Latin alphabet is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets.
Latin was originally spoken in Latium, in the Italian Peninsula.
Vulgar Latin developed into the Romance languages, such as Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, French, and Romanian.
Latin, Italian and French have contributed many words to the English language.
Latin and Ancient Greek roots are used in theology, biology, and medicine.
By the late Roman Republic (75 BC), Old Latin had been standardised into Classical Latin.
The language has been passed down through various forms.
Some inscriptions have been published in an internationally agreed, monumental, multivolume series, the "Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum (CIL)".Authors and publishers vary, but the format is about the same: volumes detailing inscriptions with a critical apparatus stating the provenance and relevant information.The reading and interpretation of these inscriptions is the subject matter of the field of epigraphy. Julius Caesar's Commentarii de Bello Gallico is one of the most famous classical Latin texts of the Golden Age of Latin.Vulgar Latin was the colloquial form spoken during the same time and attested in inscriptions and the works of comic playwrights like Plautus and Terence.Late Latin is the written language from the 3rd century, and Medieval Latin the language used from the 9th century to the Renaissance which used Renaissance Latin.Later, Early Modern Latin and Modern Latin evolved.