These rocks were incorporated with the traditional English term for a village, and the name "Rockhampton" was first used.
The city is located on the banks of the Fitzroy River, approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) from the river mouth.
The Berserker Range lies on the eastern side of the city, with the Athelstane Range to the west.
The coastal area to the east of the city is known as the Capricorn Coast, with the rapidly growing town of Yeppoon its major centre.
The Capricorn district is the traditional home of the Darumbal Aboriginal people.
The European history of the area began in 1853, when the area that would become Rockhampton was visited by the Archer brothers Charles and William, who were seeking grazing lands.
They were acting on information from earlier expeditions by Ludwig Leichhardt and Thomas Mitchell, who had explored the area in 18 and noted suitable land for grazing then.About 50,000 people from Rockhampton Went to the World War 1 and about 10,000 came back.The Fitzroy River provided a convenient waterway for shipping of supplies for those who followed them, and a settlement grew on the riverbanks just downstream of a bar of rocks which prevented further upstream navigation from the coast.Rockhampton hosts a significant number of governmental, community and major business administrative offices for the central, coastal part of the state.Rockhampton experiences over 300 days of sunshine each year, which lends itself to tourism activities all year round and an abundance of outdoor activities.Popular attractions include Riverbank Parklands, a riverfront parkland attraction located on the banks of Fitzroy River; the Capricorn Coast, the coastal strip between Yeppoon, Emu Park and Great Keppel Island, a large neighbouring island off the Capricorn Coast, the vast majority of which is national park.