After being appointed Premier by President Albert Lebrun, Marshal Pétain ordered the French Government's military representatives to sign an armistice with Germany on 22 June 1940.Pétain subsequently established an authoritarian regime when the National Assembly of the French Third Republic granted him full powers on 10 July 1940. Calling for "National Regeneration", the French Government at Vichy reversed many liberal policies and began tight supervision of the economy, with central planning a key feature. The independence of women was reversed, with an emphasis put on motherhood. Paris lost its avant-garde status in European art and culture.The media were tightly controlled and stressed virulent anti-Semitism, and after June 1941, anti-Bolshevism.
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Vichy France (in French, Régime de Vichy) is the common name of the French State (État français) headed by Marshal Philippe Pétain during World War II.
In particular, it represents the southern, unoccupied "Free Zone" (zone libre) that governed the southern part of the country.